Saturday, 27 November 2021

भारतेन्दु हरिश्चन्द्र की प्रेम माधुरी

 



प्रेम माधुरी के अंतर्गत भारतेन्दु हरिश्चन्द्र के व्रजभाषा के रचित 4 पद संकलित हैं, जो कृष्णलीला से संबंधित है।

इस में गोपियाँ उद्धव को यह समझाने का प्रयास कर रही कि प्रेम में मन अपने वश में नही रहता, बल्कि प्रिय के वश में रहता है यह बात वह पहला पद में कहती है।

दूसरे पद में भी गोपिकाएँ अपनी प्रेमगत विवशता को बता रही है। उनका कहनना है कि हे उद्धव, आपका यह कथन सत्य है, कि ब्रह्म सर्वव्यापी और सर्वत्र विद्यमान है, परं तु हम कृष्ण के विरह में इस प्रकार व्याकुल हैं कि यह ज्ञान हमारी समझ में नहीं आता।

तीसरे पद में भी प्रेम की एकाग्रता और अनन्यता का प्रतिपादन किया गया है। जिस प्रकार एक म्यान में दो तलवारें नहीं रह सकतीं, उसी प्रकार यह संभव नहीं है कि जिन नेत्रों में कृष्ण की माधुरी बसी हुई है, उन्में कोई और छवि बस सके।

चौथे पद में कवि भारतेन्दु हरिश्चन्द्र ने बृन्दावनवासी उन मुनियों के सौभाग्य का वर्णन किया है, जो कृष्ण की मधुर छवि की उपासना के लिए पक्षी बनकर निरंतर उनके दर्शन करते हैं और उनकी वंशी ध्वनि तथा मुख की वाणी को सुनते रहते हैं। कवि कहते हैं की यह विधि का उल्टा विधान है कि हमें वह सौभाग्य प्राप्त नहीं है, जो बृन्दावनवासी मुनियों को सहज उपलब्ध है।

Friday, 26 November 2021

3 POINTS ON FOREIGN CONTRIBUTION TO THE GREAT ENGLISH LANGUAGE





 English language has its base in Anglo- Saxon, but there are also in it substantial elements of Scandinavian, French and Latin, while at various periods of its history it has absorbed words from most of the languages of Europe and also from some of those spoken in the other four continents.

A number of these terms are still recognizably foreign, but many also have become so essential apart of our vocabulary that we never think of them as anything but English. The technical term for these words which have been adopted from foreign tongues is "LOAN WORDS" .

These came into the language by three chief means:

(A) They may have been brought by foreign invaders who settled here : Foremost in this list is Scandinavian words, then few early Latin terms and a large proportion of French words. Words introduced in this fashion usually pass into the spoken language first and then are adopted by the literary language.

(B) They may have been come through foreign contacts originating in war, exploration, trade, travel etc : This was the case with most of the Spanish words which form part of our vocabulary and also with the majority of terms from the East. Again it is the spoken language which benefits first.

(C) They may have been come through scholarship, learning and culture : In this case it is usual for them to appear first of all in the written tongue and then to pass into the spoken language. This was the method by which the greater percentage of the Latin words which were added during the Middle Ages and Renaissance were introduced; so were a number of Italian words, and those from Arabic which refer to medieval science and learning.

Thursday, 25 November 2021

HOW A SPECIAL PUJA IS PERFORMED TO AMLA TREE IN THIS MONTH ?

 


"Plant trees, grow trees, and save trees are the words we insists much these days. But this concept is already well planned and instilled in our traditions.  In olden days at least a Tulsi plant used to exist in each and every house hold and Tulsi puja is performed. To start with one plant in every home and it is watered daily and a lamp is lit & taught to offer prayers to it and take care of it during winds &storm.

Our ancestors thought that the plant education needs to be taught from the childhood practically so small garden used to exist in house hold with flower bearing plants so as to pluck flowers for the puja of the Lord at home. Few people plant tiny plants like tomatoes, chillies, mint, coriander etc. which can be used for the regular cooking at home.

In those days almost at every temple, there will be trees around with specific importance like for pure air, good fragrances, to get fruits and flowers for the temple. Apart from the regular trees of fruits and flowers, few medicinal plants and herbs are also planted in the temples and they were taken good care of it. These plants are watered from the temple well and from the nearby lake or rivers.

On festive occasion depending on the region and their local customs trees are decorated and worshipped. Many are treated as wish yielding trees. Making rounds around the trees gave good medicinal effects and fresh air to breathe. They all were healthy. Air pollution was less and regular rains because of good trees. 

Trees are never cut and destroyed, if done they are treated as ill and punished severely. Everyone is taught to preserve and care trees. They apply turmeric, kum kum, colourful threads and clothes and lit lamps and pray for the wellbeing of the all. Trees are treated equal to gods.

IN U.P. place called NAIMASARANYAM, where god is in the form of forest and pilgrim throng to offer prayers. All our ancient religious texts teach to grow and preserve plants.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naimisaranya

Especially during this Tamil month of KARTHIGAI (NOV 15 to DEC15), every Monday is considered auspicious to offer puja at the amla tree. People in the neighbourhood or village assemble at a amla tree and all clean the surroundings, water the plant, lit lamps using the amla and pray for their well- being and the tree to grow well and feed all with nutritious amla.





Amla is considered as poor men's apple. Those who can't afford to buy apples, amla is substituted for it.After prayers and puja, all ladies offer their food to the tree and then all together consume it like a prasadha. Every week one amla tree is cared and decorated and watered.

In this way trees get the care in the form of customs and all customs and traditions are for the good of us as well as for the Environment.


(This blog post is a part of Blog Chatter's Cause A Chatter) 





Wednesday, 24 November 2021

A FINE PLAY TO UNDERSTAND THE WORKINGS OF CHILDREN'S MINDS



 THE BOY WHO STOPPED SMILING (1998) is a children's play written in the Grips style by Ramu Ramanathan. The Grips movement originated in Germany in the seventies and spread to other parts of the world. The plays in this genre involve children's issues and question grown -ups  and elders for their actions. This play was Mumbai's Prithvi theatre's first production of a children's play and had a very successful run of 150 shows across many cities in the country.

The central character in the play is Malhar, a prodigious boy from a middle class family in Mumbai. Malhar's family consists of his parents and sister, Mallika. The play explores the complex issue of parent child relationship. Parent's lack of sensitivity to understand the needs of the children serves as the theme of the play. Mallika's constant poser, ''Why?'' prods the conscience of her parents. The eponymous character of Malhar, a child prodigy and a genius in chess, can mentally multiply two large numbers as easily as he can spell his own name. His parents' inability to understand him pushes him further into loneliness and alienation.

When his parent's refused to let him focus on chess, his great passion, Malhar's  reaction was to stop smiling. Blurting out facts and information on chess and other complicated subjects that are unintelligible to others mark the demeanour of Malhar. Keeping the chess set in fridge i sone the eccentricities of Malhar that the audience and readers are witness to. Mallika's and her friend, Ashwini's casual childish banter gives an insight into the workings of children's minds.

The extract taken for this text depicts a scene which is a fantasy of the children when their roles are reversed with that of their parents. The children ask their parents questions like why the father goes to work late and why the mother hasn't paid the bills which bring out the lapses in the parents. These exchanges create empathy for the children who are subjected to such constant questioni ng and criticism every day. This scene, in the true Grips style, seeks to literally put the parents in the shoes of their children in order to make them realise that there are imperfections and faults in everyone.

The quiz show sequence aptly captures the embarrassment that children face when they are are put in a spot and asked to display their talents in front of others. The extract highlights the actuality that children judged harshly for their mistakes whereas parents are allowed to go scot free.




Tuesday, 23 November 2021

HOW TO GAIN THE JOY OF LEARNING A NEW LANGUAGE ?





 Today I came across a tweet and felt wonderful to get a chance like that. Highly surprising and a very nice initiative to make people learn our Indian languages as many as they like. It is one of our country's specialties that it has got a language for every region. 

For all the language lovers its a boon and they can learn the language of their choice and get a certificate from Government of India after completing all the modules. Bhasha Sangam is an initiative by Ministry of Education under EK BHARAT SHRESHTA BHARAT. This mobile app teaches basic sentences of every day usage in 22 Indian languages. The idea behind this is that people should acquire basic conversational skills in an Indian language other than their mother tongue. It is available on play store &iOS. 

NEP 2020 outlines the vision to lay emphasis on promotion of Indian languages. Going forward, language learning will be promoted as a skill with a formal credit-earning system,” Mr. Dharmendra Pradhan, Minister of Education of India , while launching the app said, adding, “The initiative will enable students to embrace the linguistic diversity of India and sensitise them about the richness of its culture, heritage and diversity.”

Details of the app are as follows :

Each language can be learnt in a Game like lesson map and  user's accuracy is calculated in answering questions. Attractive images are used to connect phrases and practice sessions move basing on the frequency of learning.  Different cultures are depicted  using 44 characters. Cultural tips are also provided to the learners. Score display is available and the app is easy to use.

I have installed it in my mobile and planning to start with Bengali.

Do install it today and start to learn  a new language. Which language are you going to learn first? Do share it in the comments.





COLLAP

Monday, 22 November 2021

8 EASY POINTS TO PREPARE HOT &SPICY BISI BELA HULIYANNA




 1.Cook red gram till very soft

2. Soak tamarind and extract juice

3. Fry  coriander seeds, red chillies, bengal gram, black gram, fenugreek , Asafoetida and coconut in a little fat and grind to a soft paste.

4. Add the paste, tamarind juice, garam masala, curry leaves and washed rice to cooked gram. Add salt.

5. Add sufficient hot water to cook the mixture by absorption method.

6. Garnish with chopped coriander leaves and fried cashew nuts

7. Serve hot with clarified butter






Sunday, 21 November 2021

HOW "MSME" BENEFITTED WITH COLLATERAL FREE LOANS?

 



Home loans/ Housing loans &car loans/ Vehicle loans & EMI, Moratorium are the terms with which we all are familiar and handling these issues in our daily lives. Before reaching this point we all remember the process we went through to get these loans approved.

No guarantee, no long process for the sanction of the loan. Surprising know! Its Collateral Free Automatic Loans for MSMEs.

An enterprise is a company or business, often a small one. Basing on its size enterprise are of three types: Micro enterprises are the ones with less than 10 persons employed, small enterprises have 10 to 49 persons employed and the medium sized enterprises have 50 to 249 persons employed.

The abbreviation "SME"  (Small and Medium enterprises) is used by international organizations such as the World Bank, the European Union, the United Nations and the World Trade Organisation. MSMEs play a bigger role in the economy of a nation in both in developed and developing countries.

MSMEs include a self-employed workers, contractors, online retailers, consultants, freelancers, sole traders, cleaners and hairdressers. These MSMEs work individually or in collaboration focussing on customer service and customer experience. They cater to the needs of the customer by creating the products and services that a customer wants. Attention towards customer and producing tailor made products help these to be successful in their venture. These MSMEs provide good customer service and there by getting customers coming back.

This is the usual pattern of service offered by the MSMEs to the customers and the society is getting benefitted a lot and the positive impact of these on the National economy was noticeable till the pandemic shook everything to the core. The MSME sector is one of the worst-hit industries due to the Coronavirus outbreak and the subsequent nation-wide lockdown. 

At this juncture Government has stepped in and announced the collateral-free automatic loans. This scheme is part of Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan package announced by the Prime Minister to kick-start the economy, impacted by the Coronavirus outbreak. 

A notification was sent to banks and NBFCs, detailing the implementation of this scheme. The collateral-free automatic loans are available to micro, small, and medium enterprises as well as other businesses. Banks and NBFC's are directed to process this and help the MSMEs to avail this scheme at the earliest possible time.

The credit is 100% guaranteed by the central government via the CGTMSE (Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises). However, note that borrowers do not have to pay any guarantee fees as this is issued by the government as a part of covid -19 relief package

Usually for any bank loan the borrower needs to submit collateral or guarantee to become eligible for the loan offer. However, this is a big hurdle for businesses, especially small businesses, as they do not have an asset or property to pledge.

With this collateral free loan borrowers do not have to pledge any asset or collateral to avail the loan. The government acts as the guarantor, in this case. This is a massive benefit for MSMEs that do not have any collateral to fall back upon.


The term "automatic" means eligible MSMEs, and can avail of this loan without having to go through a lengthy eligibility and sanction process. The implementation of this scheme is to be speedy and hassle-free, thereby reducing the loan approval process significantly.


This loan scheme can be availed by a MSMEs with an annual turnover of up to Rs.100 crores and an outstanding credit limit of up to Rs.25 crores. 

This brings in a high relief to cash-strapped MSMEs suffering in the severe economic downturns in recent times. These loans have a tenure of four years. This will surely help the MSMEs to get back on their feet and stabilise their operations. With the loan amount, MSMEs can boost their cash flow, thereby focussing on the improvisations needed to power up their business.

These loans offer significant relief to owners of MSMEs who are in immediate need of working capital to boost cash flow. 

Apart from this the government also has announced various other financial incentives and measures to help MSMEs resume their operations post-lockdown.

 

 

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Saturday, 20 November 2021

DETAILS ABOUT A FAMOUS TEMPLE ON THE TOP OF THE HILL





 This temple town of Sholingapuram is located on Chennai Katpadi railroad closer to Arakonam. This place can be reached by road from Tiruttani.

Sholingapuram gained its name as a chola king found a lingam at this place. This place is also called as TIRUKKADIGAI. Pilgrims flock to this temple during the Tamil month of Karthigai which is during November 15th to December 15th.

There are three shrines one at the foot of the hill, another on a small hillock, and one on  a steep hill. The presiding deity in the base temple is  Lord Bhakthavatsala perumal and the goddess Amritavalli. The sacred water is Amriitha theertham and the sanctum sanctorum is simhagoshtakriti vimanam

The temple on the hillock has a shrine for yoga Anjaneya with four arms holding sanku (Conch) and chakra (Disc)

On the hill temple is yoga Narasimhar in a seated posture and there is a separate shrine for the Goddess.




Friday, 19 November 2021

A BRIEF LOOK AT THE GLORIOUS FESTIVAL ON FULL MOON DAY

 

                                                                                                           

                                 

Today the 19th of November is the full moon day. It is celebrated in Tamil Nadu as KARTHIGAI DEEPAM’’. In the Tamil month of Karthigai (15th November to 15 th December), the full moon day i.e Purnima is celebrated every year as karthigai deepam festival, it is celebrated in the evening time for the occurring full moon. Earthen lamps are lit all around the house. This festival is  not only in house -holds, but also it is performed in Temples.

It is a very special festival for women, they can decorate and arrange the lamps according to their wish and like. Gifts are given to them both by their parents and in laws. Newly wedded couple celebrate it in a grand manner as their first festival of deepam after their marriage. The Bride will be given  silk sarees, gold bangles, rings &necklace by her mother in law. She will celebrate this  festival in her in laws house.

First deepam festival is marked with sweets presented in the form of cones. Sweet balls made of puffed rice, poha and groundnuts with jaggery is shaped like a cone and gifted to the new bride. Sliver and brass lamps were also given in large numbers.






This festival is more grandly celebrated in the temple town of Thiruvannamalai in TamilNadu. The entire temple is hugely decorated with earthen lamp and one big lamp is lit on the hill top and it can be viewed from anywhere in the town. Once the temple big lamp is lit by 6 pm everyone in the town offer their prayers and then only they start to light lamps in their houses. It’s a grand ceremony there. People from various parts of the world come there to witness this glorious lamp and receive the blessings on the Lord Shiva who is in the form of a light on hill top.




Children in the household fire crackers which were usually set aside for this festival on the deepavali day. New dresses are worn by women while lighting the lamp. More orthodox people wear the traditional 9 yards sarees. People exchange gifts and sweets on this occasion with each other.

In spite of the heavy rainfall  these days in Chennai and other places of TamilNadu, the festival was successfully celebrated with same fervour and gaiety as the rain stopped by the evening paving way for the celebrations.






Thursday, 18 November 2021

HOW TO REACH THE SECOND BIGGEST VILLAGE OF ASIA ?





 Do you that the second biggest village of Asia is in India? It is in the North Eastern state of Nagaland.

Kohima village, called Barra Basti (Big village), is where Kohima began  according to Naga legend said to be the second biggest village in Asia, it has one of the finest ceremonial gates common to all Naga villages. The beautiful carvings of warriors and guns and the symbol of prosperity the "MITHUN" heighten the importance of the Naga gateway.

There is an airport at Dimapur receiving flights from Delhi and Guwahati. Dimapur is also the nearest railhead. Kohima, the capital of Nagaland is connected by road to Dimapur, Imphal, Guwahati, Shillong and Kolkata . 

The monsoons are from May to September, hence the ideal time to visit is from November to March.

The recommended tourist circuit is :Dimapur- Kohima - Wokha - Mokokchung - Tuensang -Mokokchung -Zunheboto - Kohima.





Wednesday, 17 November 2021

THE EVERY DAY HERO MANIFESTO BY ROBIN SHARMA

 





THE EVERY DAY HERO MANIFESTO by Robin sharma is a book to read & imbibe. Robin Sharma the author of the book needs no introduction. His name itself will speak of his reputation and the way he is serving the world. More than 13 of his books are in the market and each one has delivered an impact on the readers and making him one of the most widely read writers alive.

In the book THE EVERY DAY HERO MANIFESTO, there are about 101 chapters in 381 pages. Few chapters are lengthy and the rest with minimal lines. The book is a masterpiece in this genre and serves with delight the information and lessons from around the world. The reader is sure to make a healthy and heroic lead in his life with the profound suggestions and experiences shared in this book.  The Author is successful in presenting his ideas and vision in a lucid way so as to make a lasting impression on readers.

The book explores quotes from Literature and legends of various fields and  it is put forth before the readers in a well researched format at appropriate junctures to add more vibrancy to the facts.

I quote from page 42 of the book, the poem of Rabindranath Tagore:

“Spring has passed

Summer has gone

And winter is here.

And the song that I meant to sing remains unsung.

For I have spent my days stringing and unstringing my instrument.”

 

The chapters in the book are arranged in such a way that it extends a helping hand to the readers to move like a perennial. The author also provides details of the site links for worksheets and to receive digital version of the referred books. At many places Author shares his own experiences at various stages of his life and guides the readers to cross the thresholds in a confident way. Every little thing about the life is discussed in the book and how an everyday hero will emerge and be rocking throughout the life is met with excellence of presentation.    

“Activate your positivity, “maximize your productivity” & “serve the world”, the every step & exercise that’s needed to be included to attain this proactively is laid before the readers in a clean sketch. Role of a mentor, journaling, IPOP principle, Ben Franklin’s 13- virtue habit installer, the 8 forms of wealth, don’t worry about your legacy & How super producers do it  are the few gems out of a treasure trove that will surely pave light for the bright times of life.

This book shows how one can achieve his goals in the most difficult of circumstances by turning troubles into triumphs and converting the trauma into a teacher. The book also documents the numerous challenges faced by most creative, productive and prosperous people during their life time. Since it connects to the readers at a human level, the readership widens.

Finally the book will inspire many and sure to bring out the everyday heroes to serve the world.


(Received a copy of the book from Writer's melon in return to an honest review)




भारतेन्दु हरिश्चन्द्र की प्रेम माधुरी

  प्रेम माधुरी के अंतर्गत भारतेन्दु हरिश्चन्द्र के व्रजभाषा के रचित 4 पद संकलित हैं, जो कृष्णलीला से संबंधित है। इस में गोपियाँ उद्धव को य...