Tuesday, 11 June 2019

MAJOR FORMS OF PROSE


The following are the major form of prose:

 Long Prose-works

Examples of The Great prose works and their Authors-

ROGER ASCHAM – THE SCHOOL MASTER
SIR THOMAS BROWNE- VULGAR ERRORS
DAVID HUME- HISTORY OF ENGLAND
JOHN ARBUTHNOT- HISTORY OF JOHN BULL

·         The Essay = Essay  is a short composition in prose . Saints bury calls it “”a work of prose art.”” Dr. Johnson defines it “”as a loose sally of the mind, an irregular, indigested piece, not a regular and orderly performance.”” The Essays are of three types namely- Personal Essays Aphoristic Essay and Periodical Essays.

Examples of Essays and their Authors-

JOHN MILTON – TRACTS
LEIGH HUNT- MEN,WOMEN AND BOOKS
LESLIE STEPHEN- HOURS IN A LIBRARY
C.P. SNOW- TWO CULTURES

·         The Periodical journals

·         The Biography = A  Biography is the life-history of a person from his birth to death, judiciously highlighting his failings and achievements, artistically written in prose by one of his admirers,  It is now a distinct literary genre.

Examples of Important Biographies and their authors-

JOHN AUBREY – BRIEF LIVES
E.M.FORSTER- LIFE OF DICKENS
WINSTON CHURCHILL- LIFE OF MARLBOROUGH
WILLIAM MASON- LIFE OF GRAY

·         The Autobiography = An autobiography is the life –history of an individual written by himself. A good autobiography should be a judicious and dispassionate self-assessment, which is indeed a difficult task.

Examples of Autobiographies-

SAMUELS PEPYS-DIARY
OSBERT SIT WELL- LEFT HAND, RIGHT HAND
ROUSSEAU- CONFESSIONS
WILLIAM WORDS WORTH- PRELUDE (A  POETICAL AUTO BIOGRAPHY)

·         The Memoirs = In the Memoir the writer does not write out  his own life, but he recollects his personal contacts with various people he meets in his personal or professional life.

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