A stock exchange is an organization or corporation which provides facilities for a stock broker and trader to trade company stocks and securities. To be able to trade a security on a certain stock exchange, it has to be listed there. Let’s get to know about world’s major stock exchanges.
UNITED STATES & EUROPE: STOCK EXCHANGE- NYSE EURO NEXT (US & EUROPE) – NEWYORK CITY. NYSE emerged with Chicago- based Archipelago Holdings on March 7, 2006, forming NYSE GROUP, merged with Paris –based Euronext to form the first global equities exchange and is headquartered in New York City, New York, United states.
UNITED STATES &EUROPE: NASDAQ OMX (US &NORTH EUROPE) STOCK EXCHANGE- NEWYORK CITY NASDAQ is an American multinational financial services corporation that owns and operates the NASDAQ stock market and eight European stock exchanges in Nordic and Baltic regions and Armenia under the NASDAQ OMX banner. It is headquartered in New York City.
JAPAN: TOKYO STOCK EXCHANGE- TOKYO .Tokyo stock exchange is also called TOSHO or TSE for short, and located in Tokyo, Japan. It is the third largest stock exchange in the world by aggregate market capitalization of its listed companies
UNITED KINGDOM: LONDON STOCK EXCHANGE- LONDON, LONDON stock Exchange, or LSE, is located in London, England. It is part of the London stock Exchange Group Plc. At present, it is situated in Paternoster Square close to St. Paul’s Cathedral in the city of London, One of the largest stock Exchanges in the world, LSE was founded in 1801. The trade in shares in London began with the need to finance two voyages: The Muscovy company’s attempt to reach China via the White sea north of Russia, and East India Company voyage to India and the east. Unable to finance these costly journeys, the companies raised the money by selling shares to merchants, giving them a right to a portion of any profits eventually made.
CHINA: SHANGHAI STOCK EXCHANGE- SHANGHAI The Shanghai stock Exchange (SSE) is one of the two stock exchanges operating independently in the people’s Republic of China. SSE is still not entirely open to foreign investors due to tight capital account control exercised by the Chinese mainland authorities.
HONG KONG: HONG KONG STOCK EXCHANGE – HONG KONG The Hong Kong stock exchange (SEHK) is a stock Exchange located in Hong Kong. As of 30 th November 2011, the Hong Kong stock exchange had 1,477 listed companies. In October 1987, The stock was closed for 4 days in an attempt to stop losses during Black Monday global equities market crash.
GERMANY : DEUTSCHE BORSE STOCKS EXHANGE – FRANKFURT Deutsche Borse AG is a market place organizer for trading of shares and other securities and also is a transaction services provider. It is a joint stock company and was founded in 1993. The headquarters are in Frankfurt, Germany. More than 3,200 employees service customers in Europe, the U.S. and Asia. Deutsche Borse has location in Germany, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Czech Republic and Spain.
SWITZERLAND: SIX SWISS EXCHANGE – ZURICH Six swiss Exchange (Formerly SWX swiss Exchange), based in Zurich, is Switzerland’s principal stock exchange. It was the first stock exchange in the world to incorporate a fully automated trading, clearing and settlement system in 1995. The Exchange is controlled by an association of 55 banks. Each of these banks has equal voting rights in the matter of decision making concerning the management and regulation of the exchange.
CHINA: SHENZHEN STOCK EXCHANGE – SHENZHEN : The Shenzhen stock Exchange (SZSE) is of the people’s Republic of China’s two stock exchanges, alongside the Shanghai stock Exchange. It is based in Shenzhen, China. Many of the companies within this market are subsidiaries of companies in which the Chinese government maintains controlling interest.
SOUTH KOREA: KOREA EXCHANGE – SEOUL Korea Exchange (KRX) is the sole securities exchange operator in South Korea. It is headquartered in Busan, and has an office for cash markets and market oversight in Seoul, The Korean Exchange was created through the integration of Korea stock Exchange, Korea Futures Exchange and KOSDAQ stock market under the Korea Stock &Futures Exchange Act.
INDIA: BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE – MUMBAI The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is located on Dalal street, Mumbai and is the oldest stock exchange in Asia. It traces its history to the 1850’s when four Gujarathi and one Parsi stock broker would gather under banyan trees in front of Mumbai’s Town Hall. The BSE has the largest number of listed companies in the world with over 5,112 listed Indian Companies and over 8,196 scrips on the stock exchange.
INDIA: NATIONAL STOCK EXCHANGE OF INDIA – MUMBAI The National stock exchange (NSE) is a stock exchange located at Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It is the 16th largest stock exchange in the world by market capitalization and largest in India by daily turnover and number of trades, for both equities and derivatives trading. It is the second fastest growing stock exchange in the world with a recorded growth of 16.6%