Monday, 27 February 2017

MUSIC - A MARVEL TO MANKIND




                                           images of music symbol के लिए चित्र परिणाम


Music is a melodious and a sweet sound, but not of harsh noise. Music is entitled to relax humans and energise them mentally. It brings the positive energy there by helps the humans to sustain the pressure of the modern life. Music is an art form whose medium is sound. Common elements of music are pitch (which governs melody and harmony), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation), dynamics, and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture  
In India music has always remained as a principle means of entertainment. Music is considered to be the queen of all arts and is perceived as a harbinger of peace and tranquillity. Patriotic feelings have been instigated within Indians through music, since the era of freedom struggle. JANA GANA MANA, the national anthem of India, by Rabindranath Tagore is largely credited for uniting India through Music. Post -independence songs such as MILE SUR MERA TUMHARA and MAA TUJHE SALAAM have been responsible for consolidating feelings of national integration and unity in diversity.
Music of India is one of the oldest unbroken musical traditions in the world. It is said that the origin of this system go back to the Vedas (ancient scripts of the Hindus) and it traces its origin to the very first sound created on the earth. The CHANTS OF VEDAS followed this foremost creation of sound and are believed to be the first music of India.
The earliest written reference of Indian music is found in the great scholar and sage BHARAT’S illustrious book NATYA SHASTRA, a landmark in the written history of fine arts including music. The history of Indian music can be trace back to many centuries. Traditionally, music was a means of communicating prayers for religious purposes and strictly in praise of God and offered to the Lord Only in Temples.  Slokas& Bhajans were the initial roots to the traditional musical form. This form later transformed as CARNATIC MUSIC in the southern parts of India, Were as in Northern regions of India this emerged as HINDUSTANI MUSIC.


                                            images of classical music के लिए चित्र परिणाम

HINDUSTANI MUSIC is an Indian classical music tradition that goes back to vedic times around 1000 BC. It further developed circa the 13 th and 14 th centuries AD with Persian influences and from existing religious and folk music. The practice of singing based on notes was popular even from the vedic times where the hymns in SAMA VEDA, a sacred text, were sung as SAMAGANA and not chanted. Developing a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, it has contemporary traditions established primarily in India but also in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Classical genres are Dhrupad, Dhamar, Khyal, Tarana, and Sadra. These forms were enriched by the Persian performance practices of the Mughals.

CARNATIC MUSIC in the present form is the result of the developments from 15 th -16 th centuries. However, the form itself is reputed to have been one of the gifts bestowed on man by the Gods of Hindu mythology. It is one of the oldest musical forms that continue to survive today. CARNATIC MUSIC is melodic, with improvised variations. It consists of a composition with embellishments added to the piece in the forms of Raga Alapana, Kalpanaswaram, Neraval, and in the case of more advanced students, Ragam Tanam Pallavi. The main emphasis is on the vocals as most compositions are written to be sung, and even when played on instruments, they are meant to be performed in a singing style known as GAYAKI. Sri Thayagaraja, Sri Shyama sastry and Sri Muthuswami Dikshithar are considered as Trinity of Carnatic music and with them came the golden age in Carnatic music in the 18th-19th century. Purandaradasa is considered as the father of Carnatic music.

Light classical music or semi classical music include: thumri, dadra, ghazal, chaiti, kajri, and tappa. Folk music in India is enormous in forms with specialities & variations basing on the region they are being sung. Ganasangeet, Lavani, Rabindra sangeet Etc
Indian music with immense popularity is Flim Music.  The Indian Music industry is the second largest in the world in terms of volume, trailing only the US. Indian pop music is an interesting genre of music which creates RE MIX of songs from past Indian movie songs, new beats being added to them. Indian Hip Hop started in 1990 and Baba seghal is credited as India’s First Rapper.

Music be in any form or style the ultimate effects are soothing, refreshing & rejuvenating. Listening to Music has got many benefits and its a healer of many ailments.  Reach of music is tremendous and apart from radio, TV, FMs, Cds, pen drives,& smart phones .Musical apps is a boon . Just enjoy Music & relieve from stress.


                                    images of classical music के लिए चित्र परिणाम

Monday, 20 February 2017

POLISHING OF METALS



Generally in a household there will be a number of artefacts, it can be made of any material   and the maintenance of the article is very important. Dusting, cleaning, polishing are the few methods employed   to upkeep its grandeur from deteriorating. If the article is made of any metal, then polishing will enhance its shine and appearance. Let us take a look at the simple methods of polishing sliver &brass articles at home.

POLISHING OF SLIVER ARTICLE:

First clean the article with surf water, then immerse it in a strong warm solution of washing soda for an hour, then wipe& brush it. Take a silvo (silvo is the name of the silver polish available in the market) on a piece of cotton waste and apply to the article, rub well. Continue rubbing till all traces of polish has been removed.  Finally rub with a clean dry cloth.
:Image result for images of polishing silver & brass articles




POLISHING OF BRASS ARTICLE:

First clean the article with surf water, Then rub it with a solution of one heaped table spoon of vinegar to a point of water. Immerse the brass article in a strong warm solution of washing soda for an hour. Then wipe & brush it. Rub off spots of corrosion with scouring powder or with a fine steel wool.  Take a little brasso ( brasso is a name of the brass polish available in the shops)on a piece of cotton waste and apply to the article. Rub well. Continue rubbing till all the traces of polish has been removed. Finally a coating should be given.


Image result for images of polishing silver & brass articles



Metals are two types – soft & hard metals. The metals that scratch easily are soft Eg; silv
er. The metals that will not scratch easily are hard, Eg ; Iron, steel Etc.


Metal polishes can also be prepared at home. Soap powder dissolved in boiling water, after cooling, along with ammonia, brick powder is added and mixed well. The prepared polish is suitable for brass &copper.

Image result for images of polishing silver & brass articles



For silver polish shredded soap is dissolved in the boiling water, along with ‘Jewellers’s rouge, (ferric oxide is also known as jewellers rouge) ammonia and spirit, the soap water is mixed. The prepared polish is stored in a well corked bottle. 




images of polishing silver & brass articles के लिए चित्र परिणाम



Sunday, 12 February 2017

CANNING OF FRESH PEAS

                                         




                                    Image result for images of canning of fresh peas


Food is vital for humans. Cereals, grains, vegetables & fruits all in the food pyramid is  easily available for consumption. Preparing a few dishes everyday can be substituted with the products prepared with an aim to last for longer days or months.“ Make hay while sunshine” the same applies here too. For the sake of the winter season, when there is heavy snowfall or other seasonal difficulties, or to carry food for long distance travel, to store food for further use started. But food is subject to spoilage on storage
On the basis of ease of spoilage, foods can be placed in three groups.
1.       Stable or non-perishable foods: These foods, which do not spoil unless handled carelessly, include such products as sugar, flour, and dry beans.
2.       Semi- perishable foods: If these foods are properly handled and stored, they will remain unspoiled for a fairly long period. Eg. Potatoes, some varieties of apples, waxed rutabagas, and nutmeats.
3.       Perishable foods: This group includes most important daily foods that spoil readily unless special preservative methods are used. Meats, fish, poultry most fruits and vegetables, eggs and milk belong in this classification.
Most foods fall into one of these three groups; but some are near enough to the borderline to be difficult to place.
 To make the food last longer & avoid spoilage, a few ingredients are added, they are termed as preservatives. A substance when added to food, is capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other decomposition of food.
Class I preservatives are common salt, sugar, dextrose, glucose, wood smoke, spices, vinegar or acetic acid, honey.
Class II preservatives are Benzoic acid, sulphurous acid, nitrates of sodium or potassium in respect of jams, lactic acid, calcium phosphate, & niacin.
Vegetables/ fruits are preserved in the form of canning. Canning is a process where the vegetable or fruit is made into slices and kept in a can with sugar syrup & salt water.
This practice is followed world- wide since time immemorial The technological progress in food preservation gained momentum mainly after the outbreak of the first world- war when supply of large quantities of vegetables, fruits, E t c had to be arranged for the armed forces. World war II also provided another strong impetus to the growth of the industry. So, the food preservation industry developed towards the close of 18 th century. The French Government announced a price of 12,000 francs for the discovery of a satisfactory method of preservation during the Napoleonic wars.  In 1810 Nicholas Apperd, a Paris confectioner and distiller, invented a process for preserving foods in glass containers and won the prize. He also published a book entitled “The Art of preserving animal and vegetable substances for many years.” This is the first book published on modern canning. In honour of its discoverer, canning is still known as “Appertizing”
Apperd packed his food in glass containers, added sufficient water to cover the food, placed the corks loosely on top and heated the containers in a water bath to obtain the temperature of 192- 212 degree Fahrenheit at the centre of the containers. By this method, he succeeded in preserving several kinds of food. This preserving action is due to exclusion of outside air.
Gay-Lussac, who studied apped’s process at the intense of the French Government, concluded that spoilage in foods was essentially a process of oxidation which could be prevented by exclusion of air from the container. This hypothesis was universally accepted till the time of Louis Pasteur. He provided correct explanation of the change through his discovery of microbes down about 1860. He provided that the microorganisms are the real cause of spoilage and they can be destroyed by   giving heat treatment. He also found out that foods can be stored in suitable containers. He introduced the term “Pasteurization” which means heat treatment of a food at sufficiently high temperature to kill the majority, though not all, of the microorganism, there by prolonging the normal keeping quality of that food.
In England Thomas saddington, who had picked up the general principles of the method of apperd while travelling in France, was the first to describe the method of canning of food in 1807. According to Bitting  peter Durand”, another English man obtained in 1810, the British patent on canning of foods in tin containers.  Canning of fruits on a commercial scale was introduced in U.S.A. in 1817 by William underwood.
From then onwards canning of fruits & vegetables commenced which accessed the consumption of all vegetables & fruits in all seasons.
CANNING OF FRESH PEAS
Canning of fresh peas as per F.P.O. specifications
Things needed:  peas. Sugar, salt, green colour and water
1.       Select fully grown fresh peas
2.       Weigh & wash in cold running water, de=shell peas.
3.       Grade the peas by using sieves with different mesh sizes, or by floating them in brine solution.
4.       The peas are blanched in boiling water for 2-5 minutes and rinse in cold water.
5.       The prepared peas are filled in cans
6.       Prepare 2 % salt solution and 2.5% sugar solution by adding green colour.
7.       Drain and pour into can, leaving a head space of half an inch.
8.       Exhaust the cans for 7-10 minutes at 192 degree Fahrenheit
9.       Code and seal the cans
10.   Process the cans for 45 minutes under pressure
11.   Cool cans in cold running water
Label and store the cans in a cool and dry place.







 Image result for images of canning of fresh peas




Sunday, 5 February 2017

A TRAIN JOURNEY





                                              image of a train with adult & children inside के लिए चित्र परिणाम                                                 



The merrily loaded luggage
Adults in a hurry to find their seats
children walking as the train moves,
Expecting  a wave in reply like" SCHWAMM's son "    
                                                                            .
One eating a packet of "LAYS"
The other shouting at the not Hot tea.

An old man with RUDRAKSHA
among the chit-chat kids.
Many drooping over another in a
dreamy, sleepy state.

Many stations moving on & off
New people trying to find their seats
Many with ear plugs in
Rest watching out from in
with sweaters &mufflers on
munching snacks & breaking their fast

children shouting at the passing by trains
many waking up after a while, stretching arms
many little ones often moving from their seats.
one rushing for recess, the other follows..........





image of a train with adult & children inside के लिए चित्र परिणाम


#   Schwamm is a character in ''THE NIGHT AT THE HOTEL" by SIEGFRIED LENZ - a German Writer.
#  Rudraksha is a seed traditionally used for prayer beads.